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Title: The Acheulean technocomplex of the Iberian Atlantic margin as an example of technology continuity through the Middle Pleistocene
Authors: Méndez Quintas, Eduardo
Santonja, Manuel
Arnold, Lee J.
Ribeiro, João Pedro Cunha
Silva, Pedro Filipe Xavier da
Demuro, Martina
Gomes, António Alberto
Meireles, José
Monteiro-Rodrigues, Sérgio
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Keywords: Middle Pleistocene;Lower Palaeolithic;Large flake Acheulean (LFA);Early Middle Palaeolithic (EMP);West Iberia
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology, 2020, 3, 918-943
Abstract: This article provides a synthesis of the Middle Pleistocene hominin record of West Iberia, which comprises sites displaying abundant concentrations of large flake Acheulean (LFA) assemblages, as well as isolated examples of Early Middle Palaeolithic (EMP) technology. These sites typically have age ranges spanning marine isotopic stages (MIS) 11–6, within the second half of the Middle Pleistocene, and are primarily located in fluvial environments related to the main regional river basins. The LFA sites display extensive occurrences of handaxes and cleavers on flake blanks (detached from large cores), with a large number of knapping remains, such as flakes or small-medium cores, showing simple reduction patterns. Over the identified age range of these sites, especially during the MIS 9–6 interval, we observe constant technological stability, without strong variations over time, and independent of the functionality of individual sites. These fixed technological and behavioural patterns reinforce the African affinities of the southwestern European Acheulean, in contrast to Acheulean assemblages identified in the northernmost areas of Europe.
ISSN: 2520-8217
DOI: 10.1007/s41982-020-00057-2
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología
Geocronología y Geología

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