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Title: Understanding the Quaternary evolution of an intramountain staircase terraces model using morphometric indices: Lozoya River, Central System, Spain
Authors: Karampaglidis, Theodoros
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Keywords: Morphometric analysis;Fluvial incision;Rock terraces;Lozoya River;Spanish Central System
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Citation: Estudios Geológicos, 2020, 76 (2): e134
Abstract: Morphometric indices have been described as useful tools to understand the geodynamic evolution in differ-ent spatial regions and contexts, although usually only current landform shapes are considered when applying them. In this work, we combined detailed geomorphological mapping and the most representative morphometric indices and variables (valley width to valley height ratio Vf, transverse topographic asymmetry factor T-index, stream length–gradient SL, concavity index CI, elevation & slope), to quantify the evolution of the Lozoya valley landscape. These indices were not only applied to present landforms. In the case of Vf, this was measured also for different periods using the paleotopographies defined by the fluvial rock terraces. These techniques were applied to the Lozoya rock terrace staircase using a Geographic Information System (GIS) and statistical tools. This area developed in an intramountain tectonic depression delimited by basement pop-up alignments (Central System, Spain). The geomorphometric analysis revealed a complex Quaternary evolution controlled by Alpine structures, subsoil lithology, regional geomorphology, uplift and climatic factors. More incised valley shapes are located down-stream, associated with lithostructural changes and fluvial captures, whereas upstream the valley displays a wide geometry coinciding with the pop-down depression. The more marked incisions are related to knickpoints identified in the Lozoya longitudinal profile, which persist through time from at least the Late Miocene and apparently did not undergo Quaternary reactivation. Finally, our analysis reveals lithological and morphostuctural controls to Lozoya bedrock terraces formation and preservation.
ISSN: 0367-0449
DOI: 10.3989/egeol.43508.527
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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