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Title: Palaeolithic creation and later visits of symbolic spaces: radiocarbon AMS dating and cave art in the Sala de las Pinturas in Ojo Guareña (Burgos, Spain)
Authors: Ortega Martínez, Ana Isabel
Martín-Merino, Miguel Ángel
García-Diez, Marcos
Keywords: Rock art;Symbolic behaviour;Upper Palaeolithic;Neolithic;Chalcolithic;Bronze Age;Middle Ages
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2020, 12 (240)
Abstract: The comprehensive study of spaces decorated during the Palaeolithic is able to obtain information about visits to the sites and their uses. However, it is essential to determine the temporal relationship between the different forms of archaeological evidence and not assume their synchronicity with the parietal art. Therefore, numerical dates are necessary. 14C-AMS dates for the art and other evidence in the Sala de las Pinturas in Ojo Guareña Cave have documented discontinuous human visits to the site from ~ 13,000 to ~ 1000 cal BP, in the course of at least five phases. This new information implies the observation and probably the use of the Palaeolithic art by farming communities after its creation by hunter-gatherers. The fact that decorated caves were used repeatedly adds a new dimension to the study of Palaeolithic art, which may have been reused in a time after it was produced, and underscores the need to date archaeological events to understand the degree of synchronicity and/or diachronicity of the human actions.
ISSN: 1866-9557
DOI: 10.1007/s12520-020-01208-w
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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