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Title: Sedimentological and archaeological fabrics in Palaeolithic levels of the South-Eastern Pyrenees: Cova Gran and Roca dels Bous sites (Lleida, Spain)
Authors: Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Martínez Moreno, Jorge
Jordá Pardo, Jesús Francisco
Torre, Ignacio de la
Mora Torcal, Rafael
Keywords: Sedimentary fabrics;Archaeological fabrics;Upper Pleistocene;Cova Gran;Roca dels Bous;Site formation processes;Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic
Issue Date: Nov-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science, 2009, 36 (11), 2566-2577
Abstract: The comparative study of sedimentary fabrics in relation to archaeological fabrics in various levels of the sites of Cova Gran de Santa Linya (Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic) and the Roca dels Bous (Middle Palaeolithic) has made it possible to analyse the formation dynamics of the deposits and determine the extent of disturbance of the archaeological levels by natural processes. To achieve this, diagrams and two- and three-dimensional indices were calculated from the azimuth and dip angle of natural clasts and artefacts. The results indicate that the sedimentary levels were formed mainly by planar fabric shape gravitational processes (low depositional angles), which differ notably from the archaeological fabrics they contain, characterised by a greater degree of isotropy. This difference in the fabrics would reflect human activity and indicates that the archaeological levels both in Cova Gran and Roca dels Bous have not been subject to significant natural modifications, and are preserved in situ.
ISSN: 0305-4403
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2009.07.012
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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