Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/176
|Title:||Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores|
Bergh, G. D. van den
Alloway, B. V.
Moore, Mark W.
Puspaningrum, Mika R.
Wibowo, Unggul P.
Westgate, John A.
Pearce, Nick J. G.
Meijer, Hanneke Johanna Maria
Kaars, Sander van der
Morwood, M. J.
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Citation:||Nature, 2016, 534 (7606), 249-253|
|Abstract:||Recent excavations at the early Middle Pleistocene site of Mata Menge in the So’a Basin of central Flores, Indonesia, have yielded hominin fossils1 attributed to a population ancestral to Late Pleistocene Homo floresiensis2. Here we describe the age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and associated archaeological findings. The fluvial sandstone layer from which the in situ fossils were excavated in 2014 was deposited in a small valley stream around 700 thousand years ago, as indicated by 40Ar/39Ar and fission track dates on stratigraphically bracketing volcanic ash and pyroclastic density current deposits, in combination with coupled uranium-series and electron spin resonance dating of fossil teeth. Palaeoenvironmental data indicate a relatively dry climate in the So’a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah-like open grassland habitat with a wetland component. The hominin fossils occur alongside the remains of an insular fauna and a simple stone technology that is markedly similar to that associated with Late Pleistocene H. floresiensis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Geocronología y Geología|
Files in This Item:
|Age and context_Flores_Brumm_et_al_Nature_2016.pdf||15,53 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open Request a copy|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.