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Title: Palaeoenvironmental and chronological context of human occupations at El Cierro cave (Northern Spain) during the transition from the late Upper Pleistocene to the Early Holocene
Authors: Álvarez Fernández, Esteban
Bécares Pérez, Julián
Jordá Pardo, Jesús Francisco
Aguirre-Uribesalgo, Amaia
Álvarez Alonso, David
Aparicio, María Teresa
Barrera-Mellado, Inmaculada
Carral, Pilar
Carriol, Reneé-Pierre
Cubas, Miriam
Cueto, Marián
Douka, Katerina
Elorza, Mikelo
Fernández Gómez, María José
Gabriel, Sónia Marques
García-Ibaibarriaga, Naroa
Iriarte Chiapusso, María José
Llave Izquierdo, Carlos
Maestro González, Adolfo
Martín Jarque, Sergio
Portero, Rodrigo
Suárez-Bilbao, Aitziber
Tarriño Vinagre, Antonio
Teira Mayolini, Luis César
Uzquiano, Paloma
Arias Cabal, Pablo
Keywords: Climate change;Palaeoeconomy;Human adaptations;Radiocarbon dates;Azilian;Mesolithic;Cantabrian Spain
Issue Date: Feb-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2020, 29, 102138
Abstract: El Cierro Cave possesses one of the few sequences in SW Europe in which archaeological levels cover the transition from the late Pleistocene to the early Holocene. Information contributed by the palynological and anthracological studies indicates that this transition was marked by a steady expansion of broadleaf woodland and a reduction in herbaceous-shrub communities. Archaeofaunal studies reveal continuity in subsistence strategies throughout the sequence. This was based on specialisation in hunting red deer, fishing, and gathering molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderm species on rocky shores. The difference between the Azilian and Mesolithic occupations lies in the replacement of some marine invertebrate species and the decrease in limpet sizes. The abiotic evidence is characterised by a lithic assemblage with allochthonous flint types, which has been interpreted as continuity of the raw material procurement strategies inherited from the Magdalenian.
ISSN: 2352-409X
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2019.102138
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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