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dc.contributor.authorPicin, Andrea-
dc.contributor.authorChacón Navarro, María Gema-
dc.contributor.authorGómez de Soler, Bruno-
dc.contributor.authorBlasco, Ruth-
dc.contributor.authorRivals, Florent-
dc.contributor.authorRosell, Jordi-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2020, 29, 102165es_ES
dc.description.abstractHunter–gatherers have a nomadic lifestyle and move frequently on the landscape based on the seasonal distribution of resources. During these displacements, carrying capacities are limited, and the composition of the transported gear is generally planned ahead of the activity to perform. During the Pleistocene, prehistoric hunter–gatherers faced similar difficulties in exploiting the territory and employed different strategies for coping with their subsistence needs and the possible shortage of stone tools. The understanding of how these behaviors developed diachronically is pivotal for the reconstruction of the human trajectories of land use in different environments, orographic settings, and climates. Thus far, the identification of the mobile toolkit has been related to blanks produced with allochthonous rocks, whereas the recognition of the transported artefacts knapped in local and semi-local raw materials encounters more difficulties because of the possible association with the lithic production conducted at the site. In this paper, we present the mobile toolkit of sub-unit IIIb and IIIa of Teixoneres Cave, a Middle Paleolithic site where a clear differentiation between in-situ knapping activities in local quartz and the import of stone tools in other raw materials is documented. The analysis of these latter assemblages reveals that the bulk of the toolkit is composed of knapping by-products and that the number of curated artefacts, Levallois flakes, and cores is significantly lower. Results show that the main strategy of transport at Teixoneres Cave was a combination of hunting and cutting tools aiming toward a generalized set of gears instead of narrowing the equipment to few specialized items. These new data highlight the plasticity of Neanderthals’ technological organization in the western Mediterranean.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipExcavations at Teixoneres Cave are supported by the project “Neandertals i carnívors: una història compartida” funded by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Ref No. CLT009/18/00055). J. Rosell and R. Blasco develop their work within the Spanish MINECO/FEDER projects CGL2015-65387-C3-1-P, CGL2016-80000-P and CGL2015-68604-P, Bruno Gómez de Soler within Spanish MINECO project CGL2016-80000-P, and F. Rivals, M.G. Chacón and A. Picin within the Spanish MINECO project HAR2016-76760-C3-1-P. J. Rosell, R. Blasco and F. Rivals are also supported by the Generalitat de Catalunya project 2017 SGR 836, and Bruno Gómez de Soler by the Generalitat de Catalunya project 2017 SGR 859. The research of M. G. Chacón, B. Gómez de Soler, J. Rosell and F. Rivals is funded by “CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya”.es_ES
dc.subjectMiddle Paleolithices_ES
dc.subjectShort-term occupationses_ES
dc.subjectMobile toolkites_ES
dc.titleNeanderthal mobile toolkit in short-term occupations at Teixoneres Cave (Moia, Spain)es_ES
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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