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Title: San Quirce (Palencia, Spain). An example of a Neanderthals outdoor occupation in the Northern Plateau of Iberian Peninsula
Authors: Terradillos Bernal, Marcos
Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
Jordá Pardo, Jesús Francisco
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Clemente Conte, Ignacio
Hilgers, Alexandra
Marcos Sáiz, Francisco Javier
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (IUPPS)
Citation: XVII World UISPP Congress, 2014, p. 491
Abstract: This poster presents the middle Paleolithic site of San Quirce (Palencia, Spain). San Quirce is a Neanderthals camp, currently has only intervened in a small portion. This site is located in the extreme north of the Duero Basin on a fluvial terrace +22- 23 m (T9). It is located in a strategic contact area, between the Cantabrian Mountains and the Northern Plateau. We have obtained a sequence of OSL dating between 74 ± 16 ky in sandy deposits overflow (profile E side quarry variation level III) and 154 ± 18 ky in the excavated area level III. This site is unique in the Northern Plateau by the extraordinary conservation of lithic Middle Paleolithic record, enabling technical, space, and use studies. San Quirce presents a rich and varied record allowing us to identify how has been managed the space occupied, mainly, with meat consumption and work on plant resources. From a technological point of view, the instrumental repertoire San Quirce presents significant variability with respect to the main Middle Paleolithic situations. The lithic assemblage lacks great complexity, is highly specialized in light denticulate, with little punch, characterized by a very rapid production; and poor cutting ability. Likewise, the pronounced bifaces or cleaver morphotypes are not documented; neither, Levallois or Quina methods. It has not been identified Acheulean tradition nor Mode 3sensu stricto. San Quirce cannot be included in the Mode 1 and Mode 2 developed models, but must be framed in a Mode 3, determined by the precise settings of this group.
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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