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Title: Raw material procurement in the Late Middle Paleolithic and Early Upper Paleolithic at Cova Gran (Eastern Pre-Pyrenees, Iberia)
Authors: Roy Sunyer, Miquel
Mora Torcal, Rafael
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (IUPPS)
Citation: XVII World UISPP Congress, 2014, p. 183
Abstract: Lithic raw material provenance is an essential aspect to identify settlement and mobility patterns of prehistoric groups. In southern Pre-pyrenees, these patterns are poorly known compared to its adjacent region of the South of France. Cova Gran de Santa Linya (Lleida, Iberia) has a wide archeo- stratigraphic sequence comprising chronologies ranging from the end of the Middle Paleolithic to the early Upper Paleolithic. It includes a key and controversial period of our evolutionary origins as the Middle/Upper Paleolithic transition (MP/UP). We present the study of the provenance of lithic raw materials of six archaeological units of Cova Gran: S1B, S1B1, S1C (Middle Paleolithic) and 497A, 497C, 497D (Upper Paleolithic), formed in barely altered sedimentary contexts. This will allow us to trace the changes in raw material procurement patterns between 20.000 and 50.000 Ky, a time period that involves the presence of two different hominid (H. neanderthalensis vs H. sapiens sapiens). Results provide valuable data to the current circulation models of raw materials and to the debate that characterizes the transition from the Middle Palaeolithic (MP) to the Upper Palaeolithic (UP). While in MP significant amounts of quartzite are detected, the UP levels are characterized by flint as the only rock type. Local flint types are the major raw materials used but regional and long distance mobility markers have been identified. Features observed in these archaeological units show confined mobility patterns near the settlement along the entire sequence. However significant changes are seen between MP and UP units with the presence/absence of quartzite and the use of regional resources.
Description: Ponencia presentada en: XVII World UISPP Congress,1-7 de septiembre 2014, Burgos
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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