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Title: Modeling human settlement, fauna and flora dynamics in Europe during the Mid-Pleistocene Revolution (1.2 to 0.5 Ma)
Authors: Rodríguez, Jesús
Mateos Cachorro, Ana
Palombo, Maria Rita
Hertler, Christine
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (IUPPS)
Citation: XVII World UISPP Congress, 2014, p. 28
Abstract: We introduce here a new international project supported by the INQUA Humans and Biosphere Commission (HaBComm) focused on the Mid-Pleistocene Revolution. This project intends to be a “pilot project” intended to be developed into an International Focus Group in the 2015-2019 INQUA inter-congress period. The so called Mid-Pleistocene Revolution (c. 1.2-0.5 Ma) was a major environmental crisis driven by changes in orbital forcing which increased the amplitude of climatic oscillations. Changes in climate drastically affected vegetation in complex ways and led to a significant renewal of mammalian faunal paleo-communities. Human groups with Oldowan technology were present in southern Europe shortly before the Jaramillo subchron and in Britain shortly after the Matuyama/Brunhes boundary. However, evidence of human presence during the 0.7-0.5 Ma period is remarkably scarce, leading some authors to propose a depopulation of the continent in this period and a subsequent recolonization by other groups with a new material culture: the Acheulean. The aim of this project is to bring together researchers with experience in the study of the archaeological evidence on the colonization of Europe in the Early and Middle Pleistocene, specialists who may provide primary data on the potential constraints to human settlement (palaeoclimate, mammalian faunas, palaeoflora, palaeogeography, quantitative palaeoecology, sedimentology and palaeosoils…) and specialists in mathematical modeling. The main goals of this project are as follows: (i) archaeologists will develop hypotheses about the patterns of human occupation and cultural change in relation to the main environmental constraints of this period and (ii) palaeontologists, palynologists, palaeoclimatologists, geologists, and palaeogeographers will provide the primary data to test these constraints; (iii) these conceptual models will be turned into mathematical models, and this will be made possible with the participation of mathematicians, biogeographers and engineers with experience in the modeling of complex systems using different methodological approaches (like stochastic, differential, or agent-based models). Members of the project are not expected to have previous skills on research fields other than their own. This initiative is intended as a forum where specialists may share their expertise and join efforts to build up new approaches to address the key question of understanding the way environmental change influenced the human occupation of Europe in the Early and Middle Pleistocene.
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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