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Title: Breaking the palimpsest: an approach to the cultural sequence of Neanderthal occupation at the Navalmaíllo rockshelter, Pinilla del Valle (Spain)
Authors: Sánchez-Romero, Laura
Canals Salomó, Antoni
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Márquez, Belén
Mosquera Martínez, Marina
Karampaglidis, Theodoros
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Baquedano, Enrique
Keywords: Archaeostratigraphy;Palimpsests;GIS;Spatial archaeology;Iberian Peninsula;Neanderthals
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Publisher: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Citation: Trabajos de Prehistoria, 2017, 74 (2), 225-237
Abstract: The Navalmaíllo site is a karstic rockshelter located in a mountain environment near the Lozoya river. The location of the site allows for the close monitoring of the surrounding area, for following the migrations of animals and for the temporary residence of human groups. The difficulties associated with estimating the time span of occupational processes at archaeological sites raise the problem of the synchrony and diachrony of occupations that form palimpsests. Archaeostratigraphy has revealed the integrity of the sedimentary deposit, how it has been affected by both natural agents (falling boulders and the conservation of the site) and human agents (the excavation method). The deformation of the plastic deposit is reflected in the archaeostratigraphy, but the two periods of occupation identified have been preserved and were not largely affected. The archaeostratigraphic approach has resulted in the identification of some of the taphosedimentary aspects of Layer F and in the deciphering of the cultural palimpsest, establishing the cultural sequence of occupations at the Navalmaíllo site.
ISSN: 0082-5638
DOI: 10.3989/tp.2017.12192
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Cartografía Digital y Análisis 3D
Geocronología y Geología

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