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Title: Southeastern Pyrenees of Lleida Middle Paleolithic during MIS 3
Authors: Mora Torcal, Rafael
Torre, Ignacio de la
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Martínez Moreno, Jorge
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (IUPPS)
Citation: XVII World UISPP Congress, 2014, p. 495
Abstract: Some models have depicted the Ebro valley as a relevant bio-geographic feature to explain the possible survival of Neanderthals in Iberia at the end of MIS3. However, several chronometric and contextual problems have hindered a detailed description of the archaeological evidence provide by from this region. This paper presents the results of our research onto the Neanderthal occupation of the border areas between the Ebro valley and the Southern Pyrenees. Middle Paleolithic sites from the Pre-Pyrenees of Lleida detected in this area are Roca dels Bous, Trago, Cova Gran de Santa Linya and the recent discovered sequences of Abric Vidal and Abric Pizarro. This group of sites is yielding a key dataset to the study of Upper Pleistocene Neanderthals. If these sites may support the possible endurance of Neanderthals in the area <40.000 BP, deserves to be analyzed. Technical attributes derived from the analysis of knapping methods and in the configuration of retouched tools, yield evidence of the emergence of a regional Mousterian techno-complex. The configuration of this stable cultural tradition could be conformed around the MIS 5e, surviving until the late MIS3. This tradition disappears suddenly, being replaced by Upper Paleolithic techno-complexes. The review of the available data allows modeling Neanderthal settlement patterns in the area and to provide new insights on the biogeography of Neanderthal populations, a key argument for the understanding of the MP/UP transition. We discuss the meaning and the implications derived by the notion of technical statis detected in the Mousterian lithic assemblages from the Pre-Pyrenees. Finally, the reliability of some of the commonly used proxies for assessing the Neanderthal presence is discussed, with special attention to the use of radiometric data.
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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