Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/1397
Item metadata
Title: Spatial and orientation patterns of experimental stone tool refits
Authors: Torre, Ignacio de la
Vanwezer, Nils
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Proffitt, Tomos
Mora Torcal, Rafael
Keywords: Conjoining sets;Quartzite;Bipolar flaking;GIS;Circular histograms;Olduvai Gorge
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2019, 11 (9), 4569-4584
Abstract: Freehand and bipolar experimental knapping of quartzite from Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania is used to conduct spatial analysis of artefact distributions using GIS techniques, and to investigate the orientation of refit lines using circular histograms. The aim of our study is to discern patterns that can be applied to the archaeological record in two domains, namely the identification of knapping episodes and the utility of refitting line orientations in addressing post-depositional disturbance. Our spatial analysis shows that distinctive clustering patterns can be discerned according to knapping stance, handedness and flaking technique. The circular dispersion of refit lines in the horizontal distribution of bipolar assemblages is strongly patterned, indicating that anisotropy of conjoining sets is inherent to pristine hammer-and-anvil knapping episodes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/1397
ISSN: 1866-9557
1866-9565
DOI: 10.1007/s12520-018-0701-z
Editor version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0701-z
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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