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Title: What is going on at the Molí del Salt site? A zooarchaeological approach to the last hunter-gatherers from South Catalonia
Authors: Rufà Bonache, Anna
Blasco, Ruth
Rosell, Jordi
Vaquero Rodríguez, Manuel
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle
Citation: 4th International Council for Archaeozoology (ICAZ) Taphonomy Working Group Meeting, 2016, p. 32
Abstract: Small game seems to increase during the Upper Paleolithic to the detriment of large game on the Iberian Peninsula. The economical and socio-cultural factors associated to this ecological shift represent a widely discussed topic. The present work aims to contribute to the knowledge of the subsistence strategies occurring through the Late Pleistocene in Iberia, using the example of the Molí del Salt (Tarragona, Spain), an archaeological site located in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula. Its 2.5 m thick stratigraphic sequence is composed of three main archaeological units (Sup, A and B), in turn divided into different levels. It is chronologically situated at the end of the Upper Paleolithic (A and B units) and the Mesolithic (Sup). Even though preliminary studies have attempted to infer subsistence strategies from site’s faunal specimens, they only considered a small sample compared to the specimens currently available. The present study considers the whole faunal assemblage excavated up to now (from 1999 to 2015), which includes more than 24,000 remains analyzed from a taphonomical point of view. Although the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is the main species, other taxa such as red deer (Cervus elaphus), the Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) and several species of small carnivores and birds are also present at the site. The taphonomical analyses show a high incidence of human activity on different taxonomical groups. Cut-marks, as a result of different processing activities (e.g., skinning and defleshing), and intentional bone breakage to access marrow, have been attested on macro- and meso-faunal remains. The abundance of specimens with human-induced damage allows us to make inferences about the occupational patterns and the procurement strategies at the site, especially concerning small game. This research expects to contribute new data to the general understanding of subsistence strategies and dietary changes at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in the Mediterranean region of the Iberian Peninsula.
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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