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dc.contributor.authorSahnouni, Mohamed-
dc.contributor.authorMade, Jan van der-
dc.contributor.authorEverett, Melanie Amber‏-
dc.identifier.citationQuaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30 (11-12), 1303-1317es_ES
dc.description.abstractIn contrast to well-studied paleoenvironments of Plio-Pleistocene hominin sites in East Africa, little is known about the ecology of the earliest North African human occupation sites. The recent studies at Ain Hanech and El-Kherba in northeastern Algeria have broadened the range of Plio-Pleistocene hominin ecology to include the earliest known archaeological sites documented in North Africa. Ain Hanech and El-Kherba are significant for yielding savanna-like faunas associated with Oldowan stone tools dated back to approximately 1.8 million years ago. This paper focuses on reconstructing the ecology of Ain Hanech and El-Kherba based on excavated faunas and stable carbon isotope of pedogenic carbonates from El-Kherba stratigraphic profile. The results point out to an overall open paleolandscape and a C3 predominantly paleovegetation both woody and grasses. In addition, the stable-carbon-isotopic evidence shows a clear environmental change through time at El-Kherba, which likely impacted hominin foraging activities in level A.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank the following institutions for supporting the Ain Hanech Paleoanthropological Research Project: the Stone Age Institute and CRAFT Research Center at Indiana University Bloomington, the Algerian Ministry of Culture, the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Algiers (Algeria); CNRPAH (Algiers, Algeria), the L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, National Science Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, National Geographic Society (for grants to M. Sahnouni, including NSF-BCS-0517984), and the Spanish Ministry for Education and Science (for grants to Dr. Jan van der Made: CGL2006-13532-C03 and CGL2008-03881).es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Estados Unidos de América*
dc.titleEcological background to Plio-Pleistocene hominin occupation in North Africa: the vertebrate faunas from Ain Boucherit, Ain Hanech and El-Kherba, and paleosol stable-carbon-isotope studies from El-Kherba, Algeriaes_ES
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